Title: Gender
Authors: Kaushik Krishnan, Mahesh Vyas

We conducted a webinar on India’s largest regular household survey, the Consumer Pyramids Household Survey. Kaushik Krishnan, Chief Economist, and Mahesh Vyas, MD and CEO of CMIE talked about Gender in CPHS on October 21 2021 at 6.30 PM IST.

About the event

The webinar provided an insight into the manner in which CPHS captures gender information of individual members of sample households, and the trends in the gender ratio of the Indian population.

Gender is captured in terms of the male/female binary, and is recorded as stated, without judgement on the part of the interviewer. One of the features of CPHS which recommends it as the dataset of choice for gender ratio analysis is its fast frequency estimates, an alternative to the Census, which provides estimates once every ten years.

As highlighted in the webinar, the gender ratio was 943 women per 1000 men as per the Census 2011 data, which fell to 882 women per 1000 men in 2014 according to CPHS. The drop was much more marked in rural India. The gap between the urban-rural gender ratio gap declined during the 2014-2020 period.

Compared to Census 2011, states that were performing poorly in terms of the ratio deteriorated further, whereas states that were above the national average continued performing better. One possible reason for the sharp drop in the rural gender ratios of several states is the continued preference for a male child and the proliferation of pre-natal sex determination in rural India.

Mahesh Vyas, CEO of CMIE, answered the audience’s questions on a variety of topics associated with CPHS’s age and gender data at the end of the session.

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