Gender

by Gayatri Dewan

We conducted a webinar on India’s largest regular household survey, the Consumer Pyramids Household Survey. Kaushik Krishnan, Chief Economist, and Mahesh Vyas, MD and CEO of CMIE talked about Gender in CPHS on October 21 2021 at 6.30 PM IST.

You can find a recording of the webinar here.

About the event

The webinar provided an insight into the manner in which CPHS captures gender information of individual members of sample households, and the trends in the gender ratio of the Indian population.

Gender is captured in terms of the male/female binary, and is recorded as stated, without judgment on the part of the interviewer. One of the features of CPHS which recommends it as the dataset of choice for gender ratio analysis is its fast frequency estimates, an alternative to the Census, which provides estimates once every ten years.

As highlighted in the webinar, the gender ratio was 943 women per 1000 men as per the Census 2011 data, which fell to 882 women per 1000 men in 2014 according to CPHS. The drop was much more marked in rural India. The gap between the urban-rural gender ratio gap declined during the 2014-2020 period.

Compared to Census 2011, states that were performing poorly in terms of the ratio deteriorated further, whereas states that were above the national average continued performing better. One possible reason for the sharp drop in the rural gender ratios of several states is the continued preference for a male child and the proliferation of pre-natal sex determination in rural India.

Mahesh Vyas, CEO of CMIE, answered the audience’s questions on a variety of topics associated with CPHS’s age and gender data at the end of the session.

About CPHS

CPHS is India’s largest regular household survey and the world’s largest household panel survey. Through CPHS, we have collected data on over 232,000 households and 1.19 million individuals since 2014. The survey collects information on household demographics, individual identities, employment, health status, financial inclusion, individual and household incomes, consumption expenditures, ownership of assets and intentions to buy them, household amenities and consumer sentiments. Income and expenses data are a monthly time-series since January 2014.

Since the data was made available in late 2017, data from CPHS has been used by leading research institutions like the World Bank as well as in publications in leading academic journals such as the Quarterly Journal of Economics. As of today, over 30 papers have been written using CPHS.

Record-level data from all 23 Waves of CPHS are available through a subscription service. The 24th Wave of the survey is in the field and will conclude on December 31, 2021. A subscription to CPHS gives access to all past data and all the additional data released during the period of subscription.

CPHS provides the most recent, most frequent and most comprehensive data on household wellbeing in the world. We look forward to telling you more about what makes it a great dataset for applied research.

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