Household Groups

by Gayatri Dewan

We hosted a webinar on how we conduct the world’s largest household panel survey, the Consumer Pyramids Household Survey. Kaushik Krishnan, Chief Economist and Mahesh Vyas, MD and CEO of CMIE talked about Household Groups in CPHS on Thursday, October 14 2021 to a live audience through both Zoom and YouTube. Over 70 people joined us for the presentation across both platforms.

The video is now available on YouTube for anyone to watch. A PDF copy of the slideshow used is attached to this page.

About the event

The Consumer Pyramids Household Survey involves a sample of well over 160,000 households. The sample averaged 164,872 households per Wave over the 18 Waves between 2014 and 2019. This is a large sample that merits several groupings of households based on different classifications. Such groupings can aid analysis and help explain the characteristics of households or inform about the behaviour of households across different types of households. CMIE has created a few household groups using its processes in the hope that these could be useful to a large number of users. These groupings are explained in this webinar.

In total, there are 9 household groups in CPdx. Our groupings are intuitive and stable across time. Importantly, our groupings are not based only on the Head of the Household’s characteristics. Rather, they draw on the entire household distribution, making them more suitable for research in many cases.


The presentation was followed by a live question and answer session. 3 questions were asked by the audience, with all of them being answered during the session. We have compiled and answered all of them here:

Q: Is the data available ungrouped, ie. for the individual with a link to others in the household so one might be able to examine the effect of one person having a high school degree by gender?

A: Yes. We provide ungrouped member-level data in Consumer Pyramids dx.

Q: What is the difference between ‘majority’ and ‘dominated’ households?

A: In the case of some household groups like Gender Groups or Education Groups, we slot households into a particular category depending on which set of individuals are most present in the household. Some groups, like ‘Female Majority’ indicate that there are more women than men in the household. Others like ‘Female Dominated’ indicate that there are 2 times as many women as men. The same idea is used for other household groups that have a ‘Majority’ group as well as a ‘Dominated’ group.

Q: Is CPHS’s water supply variable based on municipal supply or water tanks inside the bathroom?

A: Both water tanks as well as municipal connections are included. What’s important is that you require to have water supply inside the household. This could be done even through a borewell or any other source of water.

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