Nikita Sangwan
Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi
Swati Sharma
Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi.
Working Paper
JEL Codes:
J08, J16, O15
● Labor market shocks, Social Protection and Womens Work
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In this study we focus on the lockdown in response to the Covid-19 pandemic that highlightedthe vulnerabilities faced by women in labor markets - globally and domestically. We investigatewhether public policy measures mitigate these vulnerabilities. In particular, we study the implications of lockdown triggered reverse migration on Labor Force Participation of rural women,focusing on mandated provisions under MGNREGA and GKRA. We find evidence of complementarity of the two social employment schemes and rule out any crowding out of NREGAperson-days by GKRA. Our analysis shows that despite these schemes rural women lost employment due to competition from men. Their share in NREGA person-days fell by 0.4% during thepandemic. Interestingly, the mandated provisions for women in NREGA works helped womenpreserve their employment status. Our findings underscore the need for special provisions andtargeted programs for women to reduce their withdrawal and enhance their participation in thelabor market. Our results are robust to seasonality patterns in rural employment and MGNREGA. Furthermore, we validate our findings using monthly individual-level employment datafrom Consumer Pyramids Household Survey (CPHS), CMIE.

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